瓦力财经第18期直播访谈|对话RSK/RIF亚太地区总监Eddy Travia

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瓦力财经,邀您一起见证区块链时代!

瓦力财经是国内领先的区块链信息服务商,追求全面、快速、专业准确的资讯与数据服务,为区块链创新者提供交流平台。我们以社区论坛为基础阵地,让资讯为瞭望灯塔,聚集区块链技术和应用的弄潮儿。目前已发展成集资讯内容、线下活动、培训、孵化器、区块链技术落地服务于一体的生态体平台。

瓦力哇哩直播访谈是瓦力财经旗下一档对话区块链行业大咖的尖端思想、感受前沿趋势的访谈栏目,并且与数十家区块链媒体平台达成战略合作。 瓦力社区为瓦力哇哩直播访谈提供40万社区用户的流量支持,可以给访谈嘉宾带来更好的媒体宣传。

本次《瓦力哇哩》邀请到的主讲嘉宾是RSK/RIF亚太地区总监Eddy Travia, RSK智能合约网络是比特币网络保护的第一个通用智能合约平台,是世界上最安全的智能合约平台,其支持可持续的链上扩容。RSK基础架构框架开放标准(RIF OS)是一套开放和分散的基础架构协议,可在统一环境中实现分布式应用程序(dApp)的更快,更轻松和可扩展的开发。通过RSK网络开发的RIF服务可以使dapp更加安全,简便的开发。目前RIF服务包括目录、支付、存储、通信和数据服务。

本期直播访谈的主题是:当BTC加上智能合约,会爆发出怎样的潜能?

 以下为采访实录:
(在不改变原意的情况下,稍有删节)

主持人:第一问:在采访前我也阅读了一些材料,最开始项目叫RSK,后来改名为IOV,现在还有个RIF 的项目似乎是在平行跑,能不能给我们粉丝朋友们解释一下这三个项目,或者说是品牌之间的关系?( Question 1:What is the relationship between RSK Labs, RIF Labs, and IOV Labs? Can you explain that for us? )

Eddy Travia:RSK Labs是其联合创始人于2015年创建的第一家公司,旨在建立一个由比特币网络保护的智能合约平台。RIF Labs是IOV Labs的原名。IOV Labs是一家在直布罗陀注册的组织,于2018年收购RSK,致力于为新的全球经济构建低成本,高度安全,易于使用的平台。RIF的全称其实是RSK基础结构框架。它是一套开放式和分散式基础结构协议,可在统一环境中更快,更轻松和可扩展地开发分布式应用程序(dApp)。IOV Labs为新的全球经济构建了低成本,高安全度,且易于使用的平台。IOV Labs利用比特币的收益和与其相配套的工具来创造和保护增长,为全球金融自由奠定了基础。

RSK Labs was the first company created by its co-founders in 2015 with the aim to build a smart contract platform secured by the Bitcoin network. RIF Labs was the original name of IOV Labs. IOV Labs is a Gibraltar-registered organization which acquired RSK in 2018 and builds low-cost, highly secure, easy-to-use platforms for the new global economy. RIF (RSK Infrastructure Framework) is a suite of open and decentralized infrastructure protocols that enable faster, easier and scalable development of distributed applications (DApps) within a unified environment. IOV Labs builds low-cost, highly secure, easy-to-use platforms for the new global economy. Harnessing the benefits of Bitcoin with a suite of tools to create and protect growth, IOV Labs is planting the seeds for global financial freedom.

主持人:第二问,RSK是一条比特币的侧链,和比特币分叉有什么不同,那RSK是如何定义自己的?( Question 2:RSK is a sidechain of BTC, how is it different from a Bitcoin fork? How does RSK define itself? )

Eddy Travia:比特币分叉是仍然使用比特币软件的核心组件,大多数情况下,分叉只是对配置变量的更改;有时可能还会对代码和软件进行更改。然而,RSK是一个全新的软件,RSK具有自己的链,并且这条链是由许多比特币矿工进行合并挖矿的。

同时,也因为RSK具有比特币算力的保障,也令RSK上的区块变得更加安全。1RBTC可以通过双向锚定转换为1BTC。双向锚定即在从主链流出时1BTC=1RBTC,在返回主链时1个RBTC=1BTC。

并且,RSK具有智能合约的功能,RSK的虚拟机实现与以太坊虚拟机的兼容。这意味着您可以在RSK上使用智能合约开发人员工具。 但是在比特币的链上则无法执行此操作。

A Bitcoin fork still uses the core components of Bitcoin software

  – most of the time these are just changes to the configuration variables

  – Sometimes there are also code/ software changes

– RSK align=”justify”>  – RSK has its own blockchain

  – This blockchain is merge mined by a number of Bitcoin miners

    This results in blocks added to the RSK blockchain being secure as blocks are mined align=”justify”>  – One R-BTC is exchangeable to align=”justify”>- RSK has smart contract capability:

RSK’s virtual machine implementation is compatible with the Ethereum Virtual Machine. This means that you can use smart contract developer tools align=”justify”>

主持人:第三问,RSK网络上可以实现BTC的快速支付功能,这似乎和比特币的闪电网络很像,两者有什么不同?RSK网络有何优势? ( Question 3:RSK network supports BTC fast payment, it looks similar to Lighting. Could you tell us the differences between them? What are the advantages of the RSK network? )

Eddy Travia:RIF OS以RSK区块链为基础构建的。而且RIF OS具有多种服务,其中之一是Lumino网络。Lumino网络提供的是快速支付和交易的功能。从技术上讲:Lumino是脱链状态通道网络,其发起的付款由RSK担保,安全性更好,但是交易吞吐量要快得多。

相较于比特币来说:RSK的每笔交易具有更低的转账费用(可变化的),RSK具有更快的出块速度(~30秒vs ~10分钟)。

RIF OS is built using the RSK blockchain as a foundation.

The Lumino network provides for fast payments/ transactions

  – In technical terms: Lumino is off-chain state channel network

  – Payments are secured by RSK, and therefore also by Bitcoin, but with a much faster transaction throughput.

Compared to Bitcoin:

RSK has lower fees per transaction (variable)

RSK has faster block times (~30 seconds vs ~10 minutes)

主持人: 第四问,因为RIF和RBTC两种代币都存在RSK网络中,RIF和RBTC的双代币机制怎么理解?在业内是否是首创?对行业有哪些影响? ( Question 4:There are R-BTC and RIF tokens in the RSK network. How to understand the dual token mechanism of RIF and R-BTC?Is it the first in the industry? What impact does it have align=”justify”>

Eddy Travia:RBTC是RSK区块链的协议级加密货币。它与BTC是一比一挂钩的。你可以在交易中将一定数量的RBTC从一个账户中转移到另一个账户中。也可以将RBTC当做转账交易时的gas费用。比如将RIF转账到钱包时需要RBTC作为gas费用。

RIF是由智能合约定义的可替代令牌,且其遵循EIP-677标准,其和大家所熟知的ERC20标准相似;你可以通过与此智能合约的交互将一定数量的RIF从一个账户转移到另一个账户中。

至于是否是行业首创这个问题,我想答案是否定的。在任何具有智能合约功能的区块链平台上都可以做到这一点;以太坊的ERC20代币就是一个例子。需要注意的是,虽然可能只有一种协议级别的加密货币,但是基于多个智能合约的可代替令牌却可以有很多个。

使RIF与其他可替代令牌与众不同的是,RIF可以用于标定RIF操作系统即RIF OS的各种服务的价格。具体的服务内容包括:RIF姓名服务,RIF支付服务,RIF存储服务等等。

– R-BTC:

  – R-BTC is the protocol level cryptocurrency of the RSK blockchain; it is pegged to Bitcoin (via the 2-way peg described earlier)

  – You may transfer units of R-BTC from align=”justify”>directly within transactions

  – You also use R-BTC to pay for any gas costs in transactions – for example when sending RIF tokens to a wallet

– RIF

  – RIF is a fungible token and defined by a smart contract which

follows the EIP-677 token standard, which is similar to the ERC20 token standard

  – You may transfer units of RIF from align=”justify”>indirectly via interacting with this smart contract

– First in industry?

  – No, it is possible to do this in any blockchain platform which has smart contract capabilities; Ethereum’s ERC20 fungible tokens are an example of this

  – Note that while there may align=”justify”>  – The thing that makes RIF different from other fungible tokens is that it is used to denominate the prices of various services that comprise the RIF OS

主持人:第五问,今年比特币迎来了备受关注的减半行情,BTC的减半会对RSK造成什么影响呢? ( Question 5:How do you view the bitcoin halving market? What is the impact of BTC halving align=”justify”>

Eddy Travia:由于RSK的安全性取决于比特币矿工,,即使比特币会减半,比特币的矿工仍然会在减半后(因为他们知道这种情况每4年发生一次)继续进行挖矿,因此其实BTC的减半并不会对RSK产生影响。RSK网络安全将继续受到比特币网络算力的保护。比特币网络的哈希算力通常在减半后趋于下降,然后迅速回到减半前的水平。

在这些动荡的时代,比特币减半(授予矿工的比特币数量减半,从而在比特币区块链网络上增加了一笔交易)与中央银行在金融市场上大量导入美元,英镑,欧元的情况是相符合的;在这种情况下,我相信人们应该会理解,被预先定义了其稀缺性的比特币会成为更安全的长期价值保证。 但是我认为这可以对RSK产生间接的积极影响。重要的是同RSK进行合并挖矿所获得的比特币哈希算力份额。

Since the security of RSK is dependent align=”justify”>

In these turbulent times, the Bitcoin halving (the halving of the number of bitcoins granted to miners adding a block of transactions align=”justify”>

主持人:第六问,我们注意到RSK目前有很多的应用,包括和阿根廷政府的合作,和物流公司的合作,和慈善机构的合作,是否可以挑选一到两个案例进行展开介绍下?( Question 6:We have noticed that RSK has many applications, including cooperation with the Argentine government, cooperation with logistics companies, and cooperation with charities. Is it possible to select align=”justify”>

Eddy Travia:我简单介绍三个RSK目前的落地应用。

1.Dexfreight

DexFreight是一个基于区块链的去中心化物流平台,使托运人,承运人和其他供应链利益相关者可以更有效,透明和安全地进行交易和协作。物流行业是一个高度分散的行业,效率低下,人工处理,数据隔离,付款速度缓慢以及欺诈,盗窃和交易对手纠纷等进一步影响造成巨大的延误。DexFreight将区块链,智能合约,物联网和人工智能与当前技术和遗留系统集成在一起,为行业带来了独特的价值主张。该平台提供不可篡改的身份和声誉,数字化交易,代币化支付,实时对等交互,自动负载和容量匹配,防欺诈以及更智能的金融和保险解决方案。DexFreight的主要客户包括第三方物流提供商,托运人,承运人和供应链的所有其他参与者。

DexFreight技术将最终缩短转换时间并降低成本,从而将产品交付最终用户。 在所有交易中使用智能合约将带来更高的透明度和问责制,从而减少交易对手争端及其相关成本。

与其他区块链基础设施相比,RSK提供了比特币基础设施及其自己的网络,以更低的成本,可扩展性和更快的确认时间提供了货运交易的不可篡改性。RSK是dexFreight的理想“第2层”解决方案。 使用区块链开发人员社区已知的流行工具和编程语言,dexFreight可以经济高效地构建其他组件,例如身份,oracle,区块链上的交付证明。 RSK团队还一直为dexFreight团队提供技术支持,帮助其建立货运智能合约和其他组件。

2.RSK最近官宣的项目:Gasnet

在阿根廷的天然气监管机构(Enargas)的批准下,IOV Labs和软件开发商Grupo Sabra开发并启动了Gasnet,这是一个在企业版RSK智能合约网络上运行的许可区块链平台。Gasnet旨在确保并加速阿根廷长期速度缓慢的燃气认证过程。 在现已投入运营的财团网络中,认证文件和交易详细信息在Gasnor和Enargas之间压缩,后者各自运行一个网络节点。当然认证仅仅是开始。 IOV实验室和Grupo Sabra相信Gasnet的共享生态系统可以促进任意数量和内容的服务。例如,鉴于天然气基础设施的危险性,技术人员的资格至关重要。 Gasnet还可以跟踪整个阿根廷的承包商记录。

3.Circles of Angels

Circles of Angels是利用区块链技术为所有人提供社会影响融资的一个筹资网络——说明实际上生产者的生活正如何受到影响,我们用这一透明度加快筹资进程。一个透明的平台,提供了一个用于可视化和数字化影响筹资过程的简单而全面的工具——直接从资助者向社会企业提供。我们利用建立智能合约的新方法作为通过里程碑融资支付资金的方法。

我们发现的核心问题之一是资助者与和当地社区中的当地居民合作的社会企业之间的影响报告进程缺乏透明度。 7.67 亿人生活在每天 1.90 美元的国际贫困线以下。在实现联合国可持续发展目标的同时,尤其是目标 1,有必要采取制度变革的办法来解决贫困问题。在消除贫困领域,缺乏获得影响和社会企业 (SE) 耐心资本的渠道。除这一挑战外,利益相关者还无法真实地跟踪资金的使用情况,以了解社会企业对生产者生活的实际影响以及社区的实际改善情况。

1. Dexfreight

DexFreight is a decentralized, blockchain-based logistics platform that allows shippers, carriers and other supply chain stakeholders to transact and collaborate more efficiently, transparently and securely. The logistics industry is a highly fragmented industry with inefficiencies, costly delays caused by manual processes, isolated data, slowed payments and further impacted by fraud, theft and counterparty disputes. DexFreight integrates blockchain, smart contracts, IoT, and artificial intelligence with current technologies and legacy systems bringing a unique value proposition to the industry. The platform offers immutable identity and reputation, digitized transactions, tokenized payments, real-time peer-to-peer interaction, automated load and capacity matching, fraud prevention, and smarter finance and insurance solutions.

DexFreight primary customers include third-party logistics providers, shippers, carriers and all other actors of the supply chain.

DexFreight technology will ultimately translate in shorter times and lower costs to get the products to the hands of the end consumer. The use of smart contracts for all transactions will bring new levels of transparency and accountability reducing counterparty disputes and the costs associated with them.

RSK provides Bitcoin infrastructure along with its own network to provide immutability of shipment transactions at much lower cost, scalability, and faster time to confirmation compared to other blockchain infrastructures. RSK is an ideal “Layer 2” solution for dexFreight. Using popular tools and programming languages known by the blockchain developer community allows dexFreight to cost-effectively build other components such as identity, oracles, proof of delivery align=”justify”>

2. Recently Announced Project: Gasnet

With the approval of the gas regulator in Argentina (Enargas), IOV Labs and software builder Grupo Sabra have developed and launched Gasnet, a permissioned blockchain platform running align=”justify”>

3. Circles of Angels

Circles of Angels is a funding network to enable social impact financing for all using blockchain technology. Circles of Angels facilitates the funding process with transparency align=”justify”>

One of the core problems Circles of Angels has identified is the lack of transparency around the impact reporting process between funders and social enterprises working with local, align=”justify”>

Circles of Angels is targeting social enterprises who are doing work impacting the space of poverty eradication with a clear focus align=”justify”>

主持人:第七问,在比特币网络里加入智能合约系统这个很有创意,但RVM虽然兼容EVM,而Solidity 不是最好的语言(尤其在安全性方面)。你们是否有任何关于添加其他语言(例如 WAsm虚拟机)的计划? ( Question 7:It is very creative to add a smart contract system to the Bitcoin network, but although RVM is compatible with EVM, Solidity is not the best language (especially in terms of security). Do you have any plans for adding other languages (such as WAsm virtual machines)? )

Eddy Travia:确实RVM与EVM兼容,RVM与EVM一样在字节码级别上运行。当你打算在RVM或EVM上编译智能合约时,编译器需要能够生成字节码和应用程序二进制接口(ABI)。同时Solidyb并不是你唯一的选择,其他编译器可以输出将在RVM或EVM上运行的字节码和ABI,还有Web Assembly也可以使用。当前RVM还不支持WASM或eWASM,EVM也不支持。RSK正在等待eWASM周围的生态系统成熟。 最终决定可能在AION VM(基于Java)和eWASM之间.

– RVM and EVM

  – Yes indeed, the RVM is compatible with the EVM

  – The RVM operates at a bytecode level, just like the EVM

  – When you compile a smart contract with the intent to execute it align=”justify”>  – Solidity is not your align=”justify”>- Web Assembly

  – RVM currently does not support WASM or eWASM, neither does the EVM

  – RSK is waiting for the ecosystem around eWASM to mature. The final decision is likely to be between the AION VM (java-based) and eWASM

主持人: 第八问,当前传统资产市场和加密市场其实都面临着一些挑战和机遇,RSK/RIF 是怎么看待当前市场的?有哪些准备去抓住这一历史机遇? ( Question 8:At present, both the traditional asset market and the crypto market are facing some challenges and opportunities. How does RSK / RIF view the current market? What are you going to do to seize this historic opportunity? )

Eddy Travia:在挑战方面,我们已经看到DeFi平台如何受到加密特定技术问题和传统市场问题(清算)的影响。似乎不可避免的是,随着加密金融基础设施的发展,它面临着与传统金融系统所面临的类似挑战,例如流动性紧缩以及与杠杆交易头寸相关的风险。这是这个新兴行业增长路径的一部分。此外,加密交易本身就存在于互联网上,因此加密行业一直吸引着黑客试图闯入交易所或利用智能合约以谋取利益,因此安全性至关重要。这就是为什么IOV Labs希望为开发稳定,安全的比特币DeFi基础设施做出贡献的原因。

所以,我也相信这里有一个历史机遇。不仅是鉴于最近发生的事件,我相信这将加快变革的步伐。RSK一直朝着这个方向努力。目前病毒流行引发金融危机,能够促进世界更快的接受数字货币的采用,原因是当今的金融危机如2008年一样,凸显了传统金融机构之间缺乏信任,对经济增长造成了阻碍。在美国,依靠实物收银员支票付款的人数一直很高,直到现在,当关闭银行机构并把人们限制在家里时,这不再是可行的选择。谁知道什么时候银行会重新营业? 他们都会重新开放吗? 这些问题将迫使昨天的银行客户使用电子工具进行付款和接收资金,以便他们继续从事经济活动; 这是迈向加密货币的第一步。 在新用户大量加入电子金融服务之后,下一步是要了解区块链为中心化电子支付服务带来的更多好处。 这些措施包括不依赖中央机构的交易的即时结算,该交易可能会失败(或破产),并依赖于区块链上的付款痕迹(不在孤立的数据库中)。

IOV Labs的成立是为了建立开放的分散式技术,以实现社会转型。 我们所处的动荡时代表明,缩小数字鸿沟和为人们建立交易和维护价值的工具都是至关重要的。 因此,它增强了我们建立有助于金融普惠和所有人共同繁荣的工具的决心。 IOV Labs处于从数字货币和去中心化应用的加速和全球采用中受益的理想位置。

In terms of challenges we have seen how DeFi platforms have been affected by both crypto-specific technical issues and traditional market issues (liquidations). It seems inevitable that as the crypto financial infrastructure develops it faces similar challenges to those faced by traditional financial systems such as liquidity crunches and risks associated with leveraged trading positions. This is part of the growth path of this nascent sector. In addition, crypto transactions are natively align=”justify”>

By doing so, it opens up a myriad of opportunities to entrepreneurs, developers and users in a new sector we call ‘DeFi for Bitcoin’. So yes, I believe there is a historical opportunity here but not align=”justify”>

IOV Labs was founded to build open decentralized technology enabling social transformation. The turbulent times we live in demonstrate how essential it is to reduce the digital divide and how vital it is to build tools for people to transact and safeguard value. Therefore it reinforces our determination to build tools contributing to financial inclusion and prosperity of all. IOV Labs is in an ideal position to benefit from the accelerated and global adoption of digital currencies and decentralised applications.

社群成员A:既然RSK已经从比特币跨链到以太坊,以后RSK会不会接入至更多的主流公链? ( RSK has already crossed from Bitcoin to Ethereum. Will RSK access more public chains in the future? )

Eddy Travia:谢谢您提出这个问题,很好! 是的,RSK希望将来与其他区块链相连接。 这些区块链的名称尚未公开,但您可以理解可以跨链到以太坊是最近的发展。 当其他的区块链成为可能时,我们将会宣布。RSK认为,区块链之间的互操作性对于整个加密生态系统的未来至关重要。

Thank you for this question, good point ! Yes RSK is looking to build bridges with other blockchains in the future; the names of those blockchains are not publicly available yet but you can appreciate the bridge to Ethereum is a recent development. We will announce the other bridges when available.

RSK believes inter-operability between blockchains is of primary importance for the future of the whole crypto ecosystem.

社群成员B:MoneyOnChain.com协议于去年年底在RSK上发布,MOC在RSK上的DeFi产品何时会正式推出?( MOC protocol launched at the end of last year align=”justify”>

Eddy Travia:感谢您指出这一点!确实,MoneyOnChain DeFi产品对于DeFi for Bitcoin生态系统非常重要。MoneyOnChain令牌(Dollar align=”justify”>

Thank you for pointing this out! Indeed, the MoneyOnChain DeFi products are very important for the DeFi for Bitcoin ecosystem. The MoneyOnChain tokens (Dollar align=”justify”>

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